Building Cloud Expertise with centron - Our Tutorials

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced professional, our practical tutorials provide you with the knowledge you need to make the most of our cloud services.

Python time sleep

Python time sleep function is used to add delay in the execution of a program. We can use python sleep function to halt the execution of the program for given time in seconds. Notice that python time sleep function actually stops the execution of current thread only, not the whole program.

Python time sleep() function syntax

Python sleep() is a method of python time module. So, first we have to import the time module then we can use this method.

Here the argument of the sleep() method t is in seconds. That means, when the statement time.sleep(t) is executed then the next line of code will be executed after t seconds. See the following example:

# importing time module
import time

print("Before the sleep statement")
print("After the sleep statement")

If you run the above code then you will see that the second print executes after 5 seconds. So you can make delay in your code as necessary. The argument can be in floating value also to have more precise delay. For example you want to make delay for 100 milliseconds which is 0.1 seconds, as following:

import time

Python sleep example

Let’s see the following example of python time sleep function.

import time
startTime = time.time()
for i in range(0,5):
   # making delay for 1 second
endTime = time.time()
elapsedTime = endTime - startTime
print("Elapsed Time = %s" % elapsedTime)

This will output:

Elapsed Time = 5.059988975524902

Elapsed time is greater than 5 because each time in the for loop, execution is halted for 1 second. The extra time is because of the execution time of the program, operating system thread scheduling etc.

Different delay time of python sleep()

Sometimes you may need to delay for different seconds of time. You can do it as follows:

import time

for i in [ .5, .1, 1, 2]:
   print("Waiting for %s" % i , end='')
   print(" seconds")

This will output:

Waiting for 0.5 seconds
Waiting for 0.1 seconds
Waiting for 1 seconds
Waiting for 2 seconds

Dramatic printing using sleep()

You may need to print some message in a dramatic way, you can do it as following:

# importing time module
import time
message = "Hi!!! I am trying to create suspense"

for i in message:
   # printing each character of the message

If you run the above code then, you will see that after printing every character of the message it’s taking some time, which seems like dramatic.

Python thread sleep

Python time sleep() function is very important method for multithreading. Below is a simple example showing that the python time sleep function halts the execution of current thread only in multithreaded programming.

import time
from threading import Thread

class Worker(Thread):
    def run(self):
        for x in range(0, 11):

class Waiter(Thread):
    def run(self):
        for x in range(100, 103):

print("Staring Worker Thread")
print("Starting Waiter Thread")

From the output it’s very clear that only the threads are being stopped from execution and not the whole program by python time sleep function. That’s all about python time sleep function or python sleep function.

Start Your Cloud Journey Today with Our Free Trial!

Dive into the world of cloud computing with our exclusive free trial offer. Experience the power, flexibility, and scalability of our cloud solutions firsthand.

Try for free!